What does the research show regarding thinking styles of people with high-functioning autism/Asperger syndrome? originally appeared on Quora: the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world.
Visual, verbal, and pattern thinkers
Temple Grandin describes autism as a behavioral profile that has strengths and weaknesses. She has suggested that autistic people’s thinking fall into one of three categories: visual thinkers; verbal/logic thinkers; and musical/mathematical thinkers. Although each person falls predominantly into one category, one can have a mixture of two or three .
“My mind is similar to an Internet search engine that searches for photographs. I use language to narrate the photo-realistic pictures that pop up in my imagination. When I design equipment for the cattle industry, I can test-run it in my imagination, similar to a virtual reality computer program. All my thinking is associative and not linear. To form concepts, I sort pictures into categories similar to computer files. To form the concept of orange, I see many different orange objects, such as oranges, pumpkins, orange juice and marmalade. When I design livestock facilities, I can test run the equipment in my imagination similar to a virtual reality computer program.
My mind is associative and does not think in a linear manner. If you say the word ‘butterfly’, the first picture I see is butterflies in my childhood backyard. The next image is metal decorative butterflies that people decorate the outside of their houses with and the third image is some butterflies I painted on a piece of plywood when I was in graduate school. Then my mind gets off the subject and I see a butterfly cut of chicken that was served at a fancy restaurant approximately three days ago. The memories that come up first tend to be either early childhood or something that happened within the last week.
A teacher working with a child with autism may not understand the connection when the child suddenly switches from talking about butterflies to talking about chicken. If the teacher thinks about it visually, a butterfly cut of chicken looks like a butterfly.” 
More Info: www.forbes.com