(Source: www.businessinsider.sg)

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A man carries a EU flag, after Britain voted to leave the European Union, outside Downing Street in London, Britain June 24, 2016.
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Neil Hall/Reuters

Europeans are largely in agreement on the top threats that face the European Union – and if you’ve been following the news as of late, you can probably guess what they are.

Eurobarometer published a report in August showing that despite ongoing concerns like rising inflation and member states’ finances, economic issues aren’t necessarily at the top of most Europeans’ lists of fears.

The survey was carried out in late May, and EU citizens were asked to identify the two most important issues facing the EU at the moment.

Here’s what they were most concerned about:

10. The environment

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Reuters/Philippe Wojazer

The environment is seen by 6% of those surveyed as one of the top issues facing the European Union, with people in Sweden and France being the most worried.

Concerns about the environment and climate change are palpable across the world. Earlier this year, each EU member state joined nearly every other nation in the world in signing the Paris Agreement on climate change and pledging to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The only holdouts to the agreement were Syria, Nicaragua, and the United States – although it’s worth noting that Eurobarometer’s survey was conducted before President Donald Trump announced in June the US would pull out of the agreement.

9. Rising prices/inflation/cost of living

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Reuters/Neil Hall

Just 7% of Europeans were concerned about the rising cost of living, although that number could rise in the future in the United Kingdom in particular, due to the impact of Brexit.

The UK’s Office of National Statistics announced in March that the annual rate is the highest it’s been in more than three years.

8. Climate change

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Benoit Tessier/ Reuters

Although it’s unclear whether Europeans view “climate change” as a separate issue from “the environment,” which just 6% expressed concern about, another 8% said climate change was one of the top issues facing the EU.

7. The European Union’s influence in the world

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Reuters/Christopher Furlong/Pool

The issue is of particular relevance in 2017, after British Prime Minister Theresa May in March signed a letter invoking Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon, formally triggering the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU.

Concerns about the EU’s standing in the world affected 9% of survey respondents and was more frequently mentioned in countries like the Netherlands, Sweden, and the UK.

6. Crime

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Policemen react on the scene after Belgian soldiers shot a man who attacked them with a knife, in Brussels, Belgium August 25, 2017.
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Reuters/Eric Vidal

Crime was mentioned as a top issue by just one in 10 EU citizens, reaching its highest scores in Croatia, Austria, and Belgium.

5. Unemployment

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Reuters/Suzanne Plunkett

Unemployment is the top concern for 15% of Europeans and has been on a steady downward trend throughout the European Union since early 2013.

Overall in the EU, unemployment dropped to 8% this year from 8.7% in March 2016. In the Eurozone in particular, unemployment fell to 9.5% this year from 10.2% the previous spring.

4. The state of EU member states’ public finances

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Reuters/Francois Lenoir

Just 17% of Europeans were most concerned about the state of EU members’ public finances, although 30% of respondents in the Netherlands ranked it as the most important issue.

3. Economic situation

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A masked demonstrator throws a petrol bomb to riot police outside the parliament building as Greek lawmakers vote on the latest round of austerity Greece has agreed with its lenders, in Athens, Greece, May 18, 2017.
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Reuters/Costas Baltas

Fewer than 20% of Europeans believe that Europe’s economic situation is among the most crucial issues today.

Greece, however, which is still reeling from a years-long economic downturn and stringent austerity measures, unsurprisingly ranked the issue much more highly than other Europeans did, with 31% of Greek respondents citing the issue.

2. Immigration

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Jubilant Afghan migrants onboard an overcrowded dinghy arrive at a beach on the Greek island of Kos, after crossing a part of the Aegean sea from Turkey, August 9, 2015.
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REUTERS/ Yannis Behrakis

As Western countries continue to grapple with policies regarding how many immigrants and refugees should be permitted to enter, and how best to integrate them, a large number of Europeans said immigration is one of the most important issues confronting the EU.

The issue, however, has been steadily declining in importance since 2015, according to Europeans. While 38% rank it among the most important issues facing the EU now, that number has declined by 7% since fall 2016, and an additional 12% since fall 2015.

Immigration was of particular concern to people in Estonia, Hungary, and Denmark, whereas Portugal was the only country whose residents didn’t list immigration as one of their top concerns.

1. Terrorism

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An image taken from video shows three men on the ground after they were shot by police in Borough Market during an attack on London Bridge and the market, in London, Britain June 3, 2017.
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Reuters/Gabriele Sciotto

For the first time ever, terrorism is perceived by Europeans as the most important issue confronting the European Union. Nearly half of all survey respondents, 44%, now say they believe it to be the most pressing issue – in the fall of 2016, just 32% thought so.

The survey showed that the issue was deemed most concerning by people in Lithuania, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, and Malta.

The finding follows a slew of terror attacks across Europe within the last year, and particularly around the time when Eurobarometer was conducting its survey. Here are some of the incidents that may have set Europeans on edge:

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